LT-0100 POF - Plastic Fibre Optics


  • Plastic Fibre Handling

  • LED Transmitter

  • Si Photodetector Receiver

  • Dichroic Beam Splitter

  • LED Modulation

  • Fibre Y Coupler

  • Signal Transmission

  • Losses in Plastic Fibre

LT-0100 POF - Plastic Fibre OpticsLT-0100 POF - Plastic Fibre Optics

A plastic fibre is an equivalent to optical multi mode glass fibres. Whereas glass fibre are used for long distance and high speed data transmission, plastic fibres are commonly used for local area networks for data and signal transmission. Nowadays the transmission losses with 12 dB / 50 m of these fibres are significantly higher than those of the glass fibres. A lot of effort is undertaken to remove this disadvantage, since the manufacturing and installation costs of plastic fibres are comparably low. For signal transfer at short distances optical plastic fibre play an important role. Especially in harsh environments for example high voltage power stations, signal transfer via light and plastic fibre can be performed almost free of noise. The light transfer in all plastic fibres (APF) is achieved by using a plastic core which is coated with a material to obtain a step index profile. Typical diameters are 1 mm for the core which simplifies the coupling of light compared to glass fibres significantly. Also the preparation process, the cutting of the fibre can be done with a simple cutter blade instead of using special cleaving tools as it is the case for glass fibres.
The goal of this experimental system is to teach and train the handling with and the signal transmission via optical plastic fibre. As transmitter a green and red LED is used to demonstrate independent dual wavelength data transmission in a single fibre. The radiation of the LED is coupled by means of a Y coupler into the fibre. The light at the exit of the fibre passes a dichroic beam splitter plate which is coated in such a way that the green radiation will be totally reflected whereas the red radiation is transmitted. Two photo detectors convert the light signal into electrical signals which are amplified by the receiver module and can be either displayed on a two channel oscilloscope for further investigation or connected to two loudspeakers provided. The transmitter unit contains two independent drivers for both the LED as well as internal modulators. Other signal sources can be connected directly.

Principle of data transmission via Plastic Optical Fiber A. Principle of data transmission via Plastic Optical Fiber

Principle of Measuring the Laser Divergence B. Transmission windows of plastic optical fiber (POF)

The light of the fibre coupled red and the green fibre coupled LED is merged by an also fibre coupled Y coupler and is available at the fibre output jack. The power and modulation of each LED is independently controlled. By changing the individual power of the LED the merged light appears in a spectral range from green via yellow to red. After passing the plastic fibre optics the light is guided by means of the fibre adjuster to the lens L1, which focuses the light onto the photodetector GPD (green) and RPD (red). The dichroic beam splitter plate separates the green and red part of the incident light. To measure the spectral absorption of the fibre different length of fibres are used. By combining the 10 m, 20 m and 30 m a variety of 10,20,30,40,50 and 60 m can be achieved.
LT-0100 POF - Plastic Fibre Optics, consisting of:
Item Code Qty. Description
1 CA-0450 2 BNC connection cable 1 m
2 CA-0610 1 Plastic fibre connector mounting set
3 DC-0030 1 Dual channel LED transmitter & receiver
4 LQ-0212 1 Red LED in C25 with fibre jack
5 LQ-0222 1 Green LED in C25 with fibre jack
6 MM-0020 1 Mounting plate C25 on carrier MG20
7 MM-0480 1 Four axes kinematic plastic fibre mount
8 MM-0560 1 Two mounting plates C25 on MG20
9 MP-0150 1 Optical Bench MG-65, 500 mm
10 OC-2500 2 Plastic optical fibre ST/FSMA, length 0.25 m
11 OC-2502 1 Plastic optical fibre ST/ST, length 1 m
12 OC-2510 1 Plastic optical fibre ST, length 10 m
13 OC-2520 1 Plastic optical fibre ST, length 20 m
14 OC-2530 1 Plastic optical fibre ST, length 30 m
15 OC-2590 2 ST-POF coupler
16 OM-0070 1 Dichroitic beam splitter unit on MG65
17 OM-0920 1 POF Y coupler in C25
18 UM-LT01 1 Manual Plastic Fibre Optics
Required Option (order separately)
19 CA-0200 1 Oscilloscope 100 MHz digital, two channel
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