LE-0400 Diode laser Characterization


  • Green (520 nm) Laser Diode

  • Twofold rotational stage

  • Spatial intensity distribution

  • Beam profile

  • Cylindrical lenses

  • Beam shaping

  • Photodetector

LE-0400 Diodelaser CharacterisationLE-0400 Diode laser Characterization

Laser diodes differ from most “classical” lasers in two distinct ways:
  • Firstly, they do not posses an inherently defined wavelength. Instead of two defined energy levels, the lasing transition occurs between two energy bands.
  • Secondly, the pn junction of the diode defines the lasing volume, instead of the resonator in a classical laser.
These experiments investigate the variation of the emitted laser wavelength versus temperature and current. The divergence and polarization of the laser emission are examined. These experiments investigate the variation of the emitted laser wavelength versus temperature and current. The divergence and polarization of the laser emission are examined. The set-up comprises a modern 30 mW green (525 nm) emitting laser diode, with integrated Peltier cooler, mount and driver. Collimating optics, lenses and a polarization analyser are provided, along with a photodiode detector. A spectrum analyser is available as an option. All optical mounts and positioners are included. The laser diode is mounted in a rotational stage which allows the independent rotation around the beam propagation axis as well as perpendicular to this axis to measure the spatial distribution of the emitted laser light. The polarization for different values of the injection current is analyzed by means of a polarizer. The spectrum analyser will be used to measure the change of wavelength by varying the temperature and injection current. The shift is app. 0.05 nm per °C. The temperature range of the diode laser controller can be varied from 10 to 60° C which results in a shift of 2.5 nm. Temperature and injection current are stabilized and displayed by the controller. The use of an oscilloscope is recommended to suppress disturbing environmental light. In this case some of the measurements are carried out with modulated diode laser light.
A. Measuring the spatial intenity distributionA. Measuring the spatial intensity distribution A laser diode emitting visible green radiation at a wavelength of 525 nm is used as probe laser. The laser diode is attached to a Peltier cooler which allows a controlled temperature change from 10-50 °C. Furthermore, the injection current can be set from zero to the maximum permissible value. The laser diode and the attached Peltier cooler are integrated into a round housing which is mounted into a twofold rotary stage for horizontal and coaxial rotation. This allows the measurement of the spatial intensity distribution of the emitted visible green light. The incident light from the laser diode is detected and measured with a fixed photodiode..
B. Beam shaping with a cylindric lens telescopeB. Beam shaping with a cylindric lens telescope The emission of a laser diode is in general strongly divergent and asymmetric concerning the spatial propagation. The light appears to have two points of origin (astigmatic difference) and two orthogonal axes, each with different divergence. Most application however, require a round beam. To achieve this, a pair of cylindrical lenses are used as shown in the figure on the left. The case (A) shows the collimation of one direction using the collimator to create an almost parallel beam which is not affected by the cylindrical lenses. The orthogonal emission direction (B) is treated by the cylindrical lenses to obtain an almost round beam.

LE-0400 Diodelaser Characterisation, consisting of:
Item Code Qty. Description
1 CA-0060 1 Infrared display card 0.8 -1.4 µm
2 DC-0040 1 Diode laser controller MK1
3 DC-0120 1 Si-PIN Photodetector, BPX61
4 MM-0020 3 Mounting plate C25 on carrier MG20
5 MM-0100 1 Target Cross in C25 Mount
6 MM-0110 1 Translucent screen on carrier MG20
7 MP-0150 1 Optical Bench MG-65, 500 mm
8 OC-0220 1 Cylindrical lens f = 20 mm in C25 mount
9 OC-0280 1 Cylindrical lens f=80 mm in C25 mount
10 OM-0400 1 Rotary Polariser / Analyser 360° on Carrier 20 mm
11 OM-0510 1 Diode laser head in twofold rotary mount
12 OM-0620 1 Collimating optics on carrier MG20
13 UM-LE04 1 Manual diode laser
Option (order separately)
14 CA-0200 1 Oscilloscope 100 MHz digital, two channel
15 CA-0270 1 Fibre coupled spectrometer 200 - 1200 nm, USB

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